Brain injuries are unlike any other type of serious personal injury. Brain injuries can range from minor injuries to serious traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). The injuries that result from Traumatic Brain Injury can be long lasting and sometimes difficult to prove, especially when there are no outward physical manifestations of the injury. In fact, a mild traumatic brain injury can be sustained, yet routine neurological examinations can fail to show the injury. Brain injuries can seriously impair physical and cognitive development, which may result in significant medical expenses, including hospital care, and future wage loss due to serious incapacity. At Finch McCranie, LLP our Atlanta, Georgia personal injury attorneys are experienced in working with clients who have sustained a TBI because of a serious accident, such as a car crash, a truck accident, or medical malpractice.
What is a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?
A head injury or TBI can happen when a person’s brain is damaged by sudden trauma. TBI can occur when there is a rapid acceleration and/or deceleration of the brain as in whiplash or shaken baby syndrome. TBIs can also result when the head comes into contact with another object as in a motorcycle accident, auto accident or a blow to the head. This type of injury is sometimes referred to as a “closed head injury.” Depending on how much damage there is to the brain, TBI symptoms can range from severe to moderate to mild and the person may experience physical, cognitive and behavioral problems.
The diagnosis and prognosis of a patient with a TBI can be done using imaging tests. X-rays to the neck and skull can be performed on people with mild or moderate injuries to see if there is spinal instability or bone fractures. A CT scan, which is an imaging test, may be used to examine moderate and serious TBI injuries. Patients with a moderate or severe TBI can undergo rehabilitation, which can entail customized treatment programs involving occupational therapy, physical therapy, social support, speech language therapy, and psychiatric care.
Nearly 50% of patients with serious head injuries will need to undergo surgery to repair or remove bruised brain tissue (contusion) or ruptured blood vessels (hematoma). Disabilities caused by a TBI can depend on where in the brain the injury is located, the seriousness of the injury, and the patient’s general health and age. There is no way to predict what disabilities can result.
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